The Writing Process:

Preparing to Write


Story starters

Choosing the format



Put ideas, feelings. opinions, ... to the page

Leave space to adjust.

Refer to your plan

Discuss your work

Revise meaning and development


Reflect on choices


Use Strategies


Edit language using resources, verify:




sentence structure

language usage 



Choose a medium

Make a polished copy



Let's Write: Revise -> Consult about your ideas, structure, arguments, ...

Revision is the stage in the process where you review and make changes in order to organize and clarify the message. Not only do YOU reflect on your presentation of the message but validate your success by consulting others for their feedback and guidance.




Ask others to read your work and tell you if:


the ideas follow one upon the other?


the ideas are pertinent or necessary to the message?


you should rearrange to improve and clarify the message?


the ideas are presented in a logical sequence?


the ideas and imagery complete and complement the message?

Other useful checklists

I used brainstorming or a story map to create and organize ideas.

I describe where my story takes place.

I describe what characters look like.

I describe what characters feel.

My story has a beginning, middle, and end.

My introduction is exciting and inviting.

I have a satisfying conclusion.

I have listened to suggestions from the teacher or peer writers.

My ideas flow and are well connected.


Questions you might ask when consulting:


The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

bullet The beginning/idea stage: Do I understand the assignment? Am I gathering the right kinds of information to answer this question? Are my strategies for approaching this assignment effective ones? How can I discover the best way to develop my early ideas into a feasible draft?
bullet Outline/thesis: I have an idea about what I want to argue, but I'm not sure if it is an appropriate or complete response to this assignment. Is the way I'm planning to organize my ideas working? Does it look like I'm covering all the bases? Do I have a clear main point? Do I know what I want to say to the reader?
bullet Rough draft: Does my paper make sense, and is it interesting? Have I proven my thesis statement? Is the evidence I'm using convincing? Is it explained clearly? Have I given the reader enough information? Does the information seem to be in the right order? What can I say in my introduction and conclusion?
bullet Early polished draft: Are the transitions between my ideas smooth and effective? Do my sentences make sense individually? How's my writing style?
bullet Late or final polished draft: Are there any noticeable spelling or grammar errors? Are my margins, footnotes, and formatting okay? Does the paper seem effective? Is there anything I should change at the last minute?
bullet After the fact: How should I interpret the comments on my paper? Why did I receive the grade I did? What else might I have done to strengthen this paper? What can I learn as a writer about this writing experience? What should I do the next time I have to write a paper?


Are the ideas presented in a logical sequence?

Do you think the ideas follow each other?

Are the ideas pertinent or necessary to the message?

How could I rearrange or add points to improve and clarify the message?

Are the ideas and descriptions complete and do they complement the message?

Is the purpose of the text clear?

Which elements need more work: covering the topic, the research,

attention to the type of audience, the language,  or meeting the purpose?

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Maybe you could improve this: part, sentence, idea.

Why donít you start with this and then add that?

Maybe you could re-arrange these ideas

You could explain this part more.

Is this really necessary?

I donít understand this Ö

What do you mean here?

Maybe you could add more: arguments, facts, research.

The language is a bit: complicated, too simple, confusing.

It looks: great, dramatic, unorganized.

I think it is well-explained, interesting and easy to understand. 

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Feedback Rules

Revision Checklist

Collaborative Document & Whiteboard Tools

  1. Twiddla- real time collaboration on documents, websites, and images. Includes writing and drawing tools and audio to talk in real time. No registration needed.
  2. Groupboard- Free online whiteboard and chat that can be easily embedded into your website. Also is an iPhone, iPad and Android app.
  3. Titan Pad- real time collaboration on document that assigns everyone their own color. Includes formatting options like MS Word. No registration needed.
  4. Meeting Words- nearly the exact same service as Titan Pad.
  5. - PrimaryPad is a web-based word processor designed for schools that allows pupils and teachers to work together in real-time.
  6. Writeboard- real time collaboration that tracks changes from each person, no registration needed.
  1. Wiggio- Developed by college students this free site has everything from meeting planning, your own whiteboard, updates, group mailing, a calendar, video conferencing room, group text messages, and much more! I love this website. Read more about it in the ILearnTechnology blog.
  2. Enter the Group- create project pages and online classrooms for free. Includes features like to-do lists, tasks widget, chat, message boards, group email, file sharing, an online calendar, checklists, blogs, polls, and more!
  3. Juntos- communicate in real time through audio, video, and chat. Supports a multivideo chat and scheduling option.
  4. iBrainstorm App for iPad and iPhone- Allows up to 4 to collaborate on a brainstorming diagram or group thinking process that can be emailed. Has drawing and writing tools.
  5. Scribblar-Real-time multi-user whiteboard, image upload/ download, text chat with userlist, live audio
  6. Google Tools Tutorials by Free Tech 4 Teachers
  7. Zoho- Collaborate on PowerPoint presentations, spreadsheets, word documents, and more. Similar to Google Apps, but shows a condensed view of all recent project activity and includes group chat rooms, forums, wikis, and a tabbed interface.
  8. CrocDocs- Collaboratively highlight and comment on PDFs, Word documents, images, and more!
  9. Prezi-the alternative to PowerPoint. Create non-linear presentations with images, text, video, and cool transitions. Now with the ability for students to collaborate on one Prezi together in real-time.
    1. Prezi as a Presentation Tool wiki- Lists several tips, resources, and examples. You will also find useful information in integrating Twitter and other tools with Prezi.
    2. Prezi templates
    3. Work together in real time with Prezi Meeting post with great ideas!

This is not an example of constructive criticism:


Writing Tools: WEbook Writing Secrets

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